Kind Homonyms Sentences

Beginning in kindergarten, children learn to use context to determine which meaning of a multiple-meaning word is correct in a sentence. He could lead if he would get the lead out. While the English language doesn't make it easy, understanding the differences between words that look or sound the same is important for getting your point across and for understanding others, both of which are key to successful communication. In addition, the possessive forms of these words, i. How to use fair in a sentence. Examples of Homophones. The essay is structured with an introduction where it consist of the essay plan, the introduction, the main body and what I had covered in it and finally the conclusion where I had stated some observations and some suggestions. Further examples. Types of Sentences Craftivity: Declarative, Imperative, Interrogative, Exclam. Easter Basket Liner Teal~Green~Letter H~New~Shipn24,Mini Football Cutouts, Pack of 24, (10/Pkg) 689718914115,A 10 x 8 inch mount personally signed by Jamie Ward of Northern Ireland. The following list of 70 homophone pairs contains only the most common homophones, using relatively well-known words. Then we have the Homophones. This analysis helps you spot homophones and homonyms so you can make sure you’re using the correct word. What are homonyms, homophones, and homographs? The first and second types are sometimes. My friend Sheila and I saw a brown toad hopping on the sidewalk. Homograph disambiguation is critically important in speech synthesis, natural language processing and other fields. Our Kinds of Sentences Worksheets are free to download and easy to access in PDF format. Premium workbook for primary education. Homophone Story - Finish the story using the correct homophones from the word box. There are four types of sentences. The usage expert Bryan A. Because of this, it’s. At the end of the test, you should be able to distinguish between the various types of sentences. Course Overview. Tiny changes in sentences that create huge changes in meaning April 24, 2013 10:22 AM Subscribe What are very small changes in the sound of a sentence which completely alter the meaning?. This activity was created by a Quia Web subscriber. com/skill_builders/homonyms_language_arts_fourth_4th_grade. I stake out. It's called looking for context clues which are hints in the sentence itself that can help you understand the meaning of a difficult word. For example, minute [noun] and minute [adjective] These words are pronounced in different ways when used to mean 'a unit of time' and 'tiny'. Homonym definition is - homophone. 0 He was built from the same mold—large and muscular, the kind of man more fitted to military special forces or UFC prizefighting than financial planning. Understanding how to construct the compound-complex sentence will help you take your writing to a new level of complexity. More volunteers, they are on the team, empowered, engaged, trusted, better overall attitude, productive from the heart, self-manage, fearless, can make decisions, I care attitude, flexible, customer focused, our needs are fulfilled, people will take initiative, employees have pride in what they do, intrinsically motivated and want to do the right thing. A homonym is a word that sounds the same but is spelled differently. Homophone Worksheets 1 and 2 - Write the correct form of a word to complete each sentence. However, it cannot distinguish context and may not catch some errors, especially when the word you type has a homonym and you have chosen the incorrect word. Education information, resources and articles. Homophones - Complete List of All English Homophones at Homophone. The dish did not break when it was dropped. Literary Terms Home Glossary Quizzes Flashcards Cite This Website Cacophony Definition & Examples When & How to Use Cacophony Quiz I. For example, bear. Sargent assigned it the name R. Thanks [/quote] Are you sure that Origen was not talking about Hebrew homonym word games?. Heteronyms are specific types of homographs in which the different pronunciations are associated with different meanings. There are many homophones in the English language. If you are trying to figure out which category certain words belong to, then the definitions and explanations provided below will be of great use for you. The root -nym simply means "word" or "name," so it applies more broadly than its counterparts. Homonyms almost always have different linguistic root, while polysemy develops through the interpretation of the same linguistic root. Example: He ate a delicious and juicy eight pieces of apple. Could you sentence: “An interrogative sentence tell me the reason why it’s classified as asks a question and ends with a declarative?” question mark. Homonyms (also called homophones) are words that sound like one another but have different meanings. Some sources only require that homonyms share the same spelling or pronunciation (in addition to having different meanings), but these are the definitions most other sources give for homographs and homophones respectively. Questions will have more than one answer, so write your answers in the order that they appear, separated with a comma (,). A collective noun is the name of a collection of people or things taken together and spoken of as a whole. From kindergarten to college, you will learn a lot from it and the complexity of the topics is on upward movement. This 50-50 playground of homonyms with examples below contains some of the most common pairs with correct definitions and memory keys. A distinction is sometimes made between "true" homonyms, which are unrelated in origin, such as skate (glide on ice) and skate (the fish), and polysemous homonyms, or polysemes, which. Some words in the English language are spelled the same but have two or more meanings. Trust me a careful study of this note ; will put you in a good stead for most of the English section of competitive exams. Get a 80% or higher on this quiz and move onto the synonym/antonym section. Some examples include: Where did you go yesterday? What is the capital of Maine? Did you finish your homework? In verbal English, we use the four types of sentences frequently. Understanding Subjects, Predicates, and Objects. Students should make five or more sentences from the list of independent clauses and dependent clauses. Homonyms are the words that sound like one another, particularly when that are pronounced the same way but spelt differently. Examples of homonyms are the pair stalk (part of a plant) and stalk (follow/harass a person) and the pair left (opposite of right) and left (past tense of leave). The adverb in this sentence is completely, which describes the adjective lifeless. Listen to the rest of the sentence b. Learn more about Quia: Create your own activities. For example, here's a well-known pun: "Corduroy pillows are making headlines. “Chord Homonyms for Favorite 4-Note (Voice) Chords” - Comments p. There is some confusion and controversy around the definition of homonyms, homophones, homographs and heteronyms. Homophones, Homonyms, and Homographs PowerPoint. Did you notice anything strange? "This mourning eye went too sea to friends. Continue reading. Students will be asked to choose the correct word using sentence context clues. (Often in jokes, only one of the homonyms is present. Homonyms (also called homophones) are words that sound like one another but have different meanings. Classification of Homonyms A. In other words, a way to identify a homonym is to look out for words with the same spellings and same pronunciation but which usually have different meanings. Smirnitsky a) Full homonyms b) Partial homonyms C. If they are pronounced the same then they are also homophones (and homonyms) - for example, bark (the sound of a dog) and bark (the skin of a tree). List of Homonyms, Homophones & Homographs Part of the difficulty that many with spelling problems have is that the student often tries to sound out the word or tries to spell it phonetically. Two words can share none, any or all of Spelling, Pronunciation and Meaning. Puns are a form of word play which take advantage of words, or similar sounding words, with multiple meanings, often to create a humorous situation or joke. Homophones are common in pun-style business names: John's Plaice. An example can make it clearer. How well she sings! 2. One-star words are frequent, two-star words are more frequent, and three-star words are the most frequent. If you include verb homonyms, give your students a context that clearly reveals the different meanings. The homonyms in the examples below are words that sound alike but are spelled differently (son vs. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. com Now, there is a third category of words called homographs. Don't worry - even native English speakers make some of these mistakes. Homonyms are two or more words that share the same spelling, or the same pronunciation, or both, but have different meanings. Homograph – “Graph” has to do with writing or drawing. Homophones - Complete List of All English Homophones at Homophone. So why are homophones so difficult? Homophone means ‘one sound. Play Rime Thyme, the homonym game! Use the clues to guess the homonyms and solve over 2000 fun word puzzles. For example, 'Buffet'. There is no conceptual connection between its two meanings. Homonyms: Two (or more) words that are spelled the same & sound the same, but have different meanings. Directions: Now that you know all about homonyms, homophones, and homographs, put your skills to the test. #StripperPresser #. These are ready-to-use Premium Homonyms Vocabulary worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Homonyms, Homographs and Homophones. The most important part of the sentence should be in the independent clause. 'In my own pronunciation, for example, latter and ladder are homophones, unless I'm trying hard to convey the distinction. Use a capital letter to begin a sentence. Here you will find thousands of online English exercises created by teachers from all over the world. With regards to grammar lessons in. Sentence Examples Each court reporter might use different conventions to represent homonyms or other ambiguous words. Robin Hood characterizes the rebellion of the feudal system in medieval England. In today's open access paper, researchers present the start of a new database that will categorize the many molecules making up the SASP for various cell types. Understanding Clauses. The word “homonym” comes from the prefix “homo-,” which means the same, and the suffix “-nym,” which means name. a sentence to determine which word is needed and that tells us how we should spell it. Eight [Noun] - A number that is more than seven. Find descriptive alternatives for kind. Includes 2 different types of puzzles, 4 levels of difficulty, optional sound effects, configurable graphics, statistics and high score list. With this diagram the meaning of sentences is preserved. They usually occur in groups of two but sometimes they can be three or four in a group. Homophones that are spelled the same are also both homographs and homonyms. Here are a few homophone pairs: deer and dear, billed and build, and sew, so, and sow. I would like you to be quiet. An adverb of time is just what you might expect it to be – a word that describes when, for how long, or how often a certain action happened. Examples of Applied Research. ” indicating “diminished extension. Hero stories have certain elements in common – heroes generally start out in ordinary circumstances, are “called to adventure,” and in the end must confront their darkest fear in a conflict that deeply transforms the hero. The site’s. Homonyms examples:. Understanding Subjects, Predicates, and Objects. Homonym is a word that looks alike or sounds the same as. The words bat, duck, and mouse are examples of true homonyms. How to use fair in a sentence. Learn more about Quia: Create your own activities. Why do bair, bare, bear sound the same even though they are completely different words?. A common noun is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class or kind. " The noun pole also means "either of the regions contiguous to the extremities of the earth's rotational axis, the North Pole or the South Pole. As such the two forms of voice i. The homonyms in the examples below are words that sound alike but are spelled differently (son vs. ) for creating words and word forms. Hence, it is highly important to recognize the right homophone as the spelling may change the meaning of a sentence and put you in trouble. English Homophones English (especially British English) is not spelt phonetically. : Use "affect" as the verb in a sentence when you're talking about producing change or making a difference. In these questions, students are asked to choose the correct word to complete the sentence. The wind blew my blue shirt into the pool. The picture below expains a little more!. It can also be the noun form, lead as in the metal. Amande/amende. English Tenses - Examples :: Learn English online - free exercises, explanations, games, teaching materials and plenty of information on English language. Less common, but still plentiful, are those words that have the same spelling and pronunciation but different meaning - homographs; for example, those words that exist both as nouns and verbs, like 'fish'. light as a feather). Who told you this? 6. Answer keys have been provided for instructors. The rule in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature is that the first such name to be published is the senior homonym and is to be used (it is "valid"); any others are junior homonyms and must be replaced with new names. They usually occur in groups of two but sometimes they can be three or four in a group. This week's topic is about homophones, homonyms and homographs. This Homophones and Homonyms Worksheet is suitable for 1st - 3rd Grade. Includes 2 different types of puzzles, 4 levels of difficulty, optional sound effects, configurable graphics, statistics and high score list. A bass was painted on the head of the bass drum. You must click on the underlined word "histogram" to go to the next page. Antonym Examples. , tank: fish-tank, military tank; flour/flower). The first two sentences have been done for you. Try to vary your sentence structure between simple, compound, and complex constructions to keep the reader interested. Since there are several “types” of homonyms (e. These notions coincide only in a strictly defined form, sometimes two or three, and sometimes only one. Well, as it turns out, there are quite a few Japanese homophones—words that sound the same—that have very similar meanings, with 早い and 速い being examples. Unlike a homonym like right and right (the opposites of left and wrong), these two concepts have a close relationship. Homonyms are words that are spelled and pronounced the same but have different meanings. Find descriptive alternatives for kind. This homophones (homonyms) with visual support reading task card set, focuses on determining the meaning of a word that sounds that same, but has both different spelling and word meaning. For clarity, we’ve brought them all together on one page. For example, bear. Homonym Homonym page: One of two (or more) words that have the same pronunciation or spelling, but are different in meaning. Play thousands of free web and mobile games! Discover the best shooters, role playing games, MMO, CCG, tower defense, action games and more!. Kind and sort are each singular and require the singular pronouns this and that. Read about the difference between alright and all right. A mouse is an animal and it refers to a device we use with a computer. Last year’s Green Rush has just hit a brick wall – the vaping epidemic – with profound implications for all things cannabis. Adverbs that change or qualify the meaning of a sentence by telling us when things happen are defined as adverbs of time. Homographs, Homophones and Homonyms. a word that sounds the same or is spelled the same as another word but has a different meaning…. Homonyms are familiar to most English speakers in examples like bank 'financial institution' and bank'riverside'. What types of steps is Blizzard taking to prevent cheating such as Map Hacking, which happened in previous games? What types of business forms can be FHA approved as a mortgagee or loan correspondent? What are some types of homonyms?. Verb Phrase. Fluke is a fish as well as a flatworm. Origen says there are homonyms in the Bible. Making Complex Sentences. We call these "homophones" or "homonyms. Antonyms are direct opposites in meaning, as hot and cold ; white and black. • Also called heterograph. Homophone definition: In linguistics , homophones are words with different meanings which are pronounced in the | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. What kind of effect do you think that has on the people around this guy? Recap: When to Use Affect or Effect. It is used in over 70 countries by approximately four million students each year!. In linguistics, a homonym is one of a group of words that share the same spelling and the same pronunciation but have different meanings. A homonym is a word that sounds the same as another word but has a different spelling and different meaning. another word but is different in meaning. A common noun is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class or kind. Flash Games for Language Arts. It is classified as a literary device used in both poetry as well as prose. So, what this short homohym lesson has shown us is that all of the four terms — homograph, homomorph, homonym, and homophone — must have something to do with sameness. Surprisingly, the cubicles of the public restroom are clean. ) You need to find the alternative homophone and write a new sentences including that word, as in the first example. ” Homophones are a special kind of a homonym, which in addition to words that are spelled differently, includes words that are spelled the same but still have different meanings,. , same spelling but different pronunciation, same pronunciation. It can mean to guide or pilot someone or something. In this article we will explore the difference between those terms. if sentence type III (If I had talked, …) Past Perfect Progressive: A: He had been speaking. Common Homophones List. ” The noun pole also means “either of the regions contiguous to the extremities of the earth's rotational axis, the North Pole or the South Pole. Buy/by I will buy a book at the store. If you are learning English language you can use these exercises to improve your English for free. 16 sentence examples: 1. Homophones, Homonyms, and Homographs PowerPoint Lesson - This is the PowerPoint file used in the above video. Find worksheets about Sentences. Therefore, it is not a single word that means many things but still in one scope of theme. It’s important to recognize and identify the most common homophones because the spelling can change the entire meaning of a sentence! Here is a list of the most common homophones. Here is a rundown of 50 homonym words that (unconsciously) confuse a content writer. More volunteers, they are on the team, empowered, engaged, trusted, better overall attitude, productive from the heart, self-manage, fearless, can make decisions, I care attitude, flexible, customer focused, our needs are fulfilled, people will take initiative, employees have pride in what they do, intrinsically motivated and want to do the right thing. Types of Homonyms 1- Complete (full, absolute) Those are homonyms that have the same pronunciation and the same spelling i. Did you notice anything strange? "This mourning eye went too sea to friends. Brush up on this information so that you can rock out on the quiz. How Do You Learn Homonym Spelling Lists? Homonyms, or multiple-meaning words, are words that have the same spelling and usually sound alike, but have different meanings (e. Complex sentences are simple sentences with dependent or subordinate clauses added to them. End of the free exercise to learn English: Some homonyms A free English exercise to learn English. Examples of Homonyms By YourDictionary Homonyms are two words that are spelled the same and sound the same but have different meanings. Perfect for building reading skills, this game helps kids learn how to differentiate between similar-sounding words. A homophone is a word that sounds like another word, but has a different spelling and meaning. "egg sample" What is Homonym ? In linguistics , a homonym (from the Greek homonumos, meaning "having the same name", which is the conjunction of homos, "one and the same” and onoma, "name") is one of a group of words that share the same spelling and the same pronunciation but have different meanings. Homonyms are words that have the same spelling and usually sound alike, but have different meanings (e. «Омон и м» [homonym] comes from Greek and translates into English as ‘having the same name’. , same spelling but different pronunciation, same pronunciation. a word the same as another in sound and. Such words are known as homonyms. The drug wore off, leaving her in a dark fog, hot and sweating with a different kind of headache, the kind she got after taking a lot of Dr. Classification of Homonyms in English Essay. Homophones are words that we pronounce the same but spell and use very differently. Over the hill. Trying to learn more about exclamatory sentences? Check out our exclamatory sentences examples, our exclamatory sentences definition and our list of exclamatory sentences!. Here you have some examples of sentences with homophone words: Brake/break Use the brake to stop the car. The tasks and purposes of the work The theme of my course work sounds as following: “Homonyms in English and their Specific Features”. Example sentences with the word fair. The following sentences are just a few examples of compound nouns. Some common homonyms:. Each asking Sentence is a fire safety question. This lesson offers activities to allow ESL students to demonstrate they understand the different. They are identical in spelling and pronunciation, but different in meaning. A bat is an animal and it's also a big stick. ) Jokes that exploit homonyms are called puns. Each of the Telling Sentences answers one of the fire safety questions from the Asking Sentences. The spruce tree… To spruce up… 2. How to use homophone in a sentence. Review the following homonyms to avoid appearing lazy or uninformed and infusing your writing with more bad grammar examples. Then we have the Homophones. Finding Nouns, Verbs, and Subjects. Use this 'Homophones: Complete the Sentence (elem)' printable worksheet in the classroom or at home. Start studying 20 sentences on homophones. According to Deane (1988) these three phenomena “form a gradient between total semantic identity” (vagueness) “and total semantic distinctness” (p. We walked by the school. •However, languages vary with respect to what morphological processes are available, how frequently they are used, and what types of information can be encoded in these processes. Then we build on it to make this a year-long literacy activity! One constant in my classroom over the last few years was our predictable sentence station that I called “Super Sentences. You still see it in some of the old movies. The end parts of an anchor. Your IP address and user-agent are shared with Google along with performance and security metrics to ensure quality of service, generate usage statistic, and to detect and address abuse. make statements. This is always used as one of the final pieces of editing. Homophone examples, homonyms worksheets, homonym examples. How to use homonym in a sentence. Examples: text types like stories. The adjective bare despite its different spelling, is homophonous with the above words and also has a different meaning. It is a language that in some of its forms understates facts, denies the contrary of the truth,. Title: Using Synonyms in a Sentence Author: T. Cause and Effect Games. Interrogative sentences ask a question and they end with a question mark. Examples of homonyms used in sentences: * Left- to leave * Left- related to the side of the human body E. Antonyms: words which have opposite meanings; example, hot-cold. Students should make five or more sentences from the list of independent clauses and dependent clauses. Homonym is a word that looks alike or sounds the same as. homophones - words that are pronounced alike, but spelled differently - hair, hare - they're, their, there - to, too, two - bare, bear. Grammar Worksheets Homophones, Homonyms. Eg: Marriage is not a word but a sentence. Capital/capitol The capital is the largest city in the state. Examples of Antonyms, Synonyms, and Homonyms for Kids. Help student vocabularies grow with these free printable vocabulary worksheets. Back against the wall. Words and sentences with multiple. ) “Very good. You might not pay too much attention to them while speaking, however, when it comes to writing, you may end up making some funny mistakes if you mix up two homophones that are spelled differently. When two or more words are spelled the same, but pronounced differently, they are called homographs. They usually occur in groups of two but sometimes they can be three or four in a group. To, too, and two are homonyms. Go through the various examples given below to have a better perception of analogy. Examples of homonyms used in sentences: * Left- to leave * Left- related to the side of the human body E. A noun is a word or set of words for a person, place, thing, or idea. (The homophones are in bold type. You still see it in some of the old movies. An example can make it clearer. This Homonyms Worksheet is suitable for 2nd Grade. Homophone definition is - one of two or more words pronounced alike but different in meaning or derivation or spelling (such as the words to, too, and two). Sentence Types - Statement, question, command, exclamation. In linguistics, a homonym is one of a group of words that share the same spelling and the same pronunciation but have different meanings. The second sentence refers to the properties of an instance of PhysicalCopy. (The strict sense of homonym is a word that both sounds and is spelled the same as another word. Complete each sentence by choosing the correct collective noun from the box at the bottom of the page. A homophone is a word that sounds like another word, but has a different spelling and meaning. (Often in jokes, only one of the homonyms is present. This type of sentence has great possibilities because of its two different interpretations: Republicans harshly question the chief about the emails Republicans cook the chief using email as the fuel It's a perfect tool to: demonstrate careful reading, showcase the need for editing, and encourage creativity and divergent thinking. Gaining knowledge on the four sentence types as well as subject-verb agreement, students will write sentences correctly, and with confidence. Spot the Error, Fill in the Blanks, Synonyms/ Homonyms, Antonyms, Spellings/Detecting mis-spelt words, Idioms & Phrases. ” The noun pole also means “either of the regions contiguous to the extremities of the earth's rotational axis, the North Pole or the South Pole. Oh my, confusing and yet kind of fun…yeah, I’m weird!. The most famous example of an archetype is the Hero. This homophones (homonyms) with visual support reading task card set, focuses on determining the meaning of a word that sounds that same, but has both different spelling and word meaning. When you look up a specific word in the dictionary, you often see three other categories of words listed in addition to the word itself. It’s important to recognize and identify the most common homophones because the spelling can change the entire meaning of a sentence! Here is a list of the most common homophones. Antonyms can be used to demonstrate contrast between two things or provide clues as to what is meant. So the question is: does a homonym have to be both a homograph and a homophone?. The word meaning can be defined in many ways, but the definition most pertinent to linguistics and the one we will use is that meaning is "the function of signs in language. Adverbs that change or qualify the meaning of a sentence by telling us when things happen are defined as adverbs of time. Homonyms are words that sound the same, but spelled differently and. Arnold) a) Homonyms proper b) Homophones c) Homographs B. homonym synonyms, homonym pronunciation, homonym translation, English dictionary definition of homonym. (sentence = means grammatical sentence and then prison sentence) The man whose whole left side was cut off is all right now. ) “Very good. Definition of Consonance. This section features all new weekly grammar worksheets, provided free for teachers and parent-teachers to copy for their kids. As mentioned above they cue readers to relationships between sentences/clauses. This page has lots of printable homophone worksheets you can use in your classroom. Homophones This is a list of British-English homophones. The real problem, you should note, is that you weren't actually correcting the statement, because it was already correct. Start studying 20 sentences on homophones. Independent Clauses:. Which and. In the sentence "The two boys want to play too. After each explanation, there is an example followed by multiple practice questions. pole The noun pole means “a long, relatively slender, generally rounded piece of wood or other material. important to be attentive to a word being used as a homonym. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: