Git Tutorial For Beginners

Following is the list to get started with. Commands covered in this tutorial: git clone, git config, git add, git status, git commit, git push, git pull, git branch, git checkout, and git merge. sh [[email protected] gitlab-tutorial]$ git checkout master Switched to branch 'master' [[email protected] gitlab-tutorial]$ ls MISSION. Wondering if you need it too? Let's have a brief beginner-friendly overview to see what Git and GitHub are and how you can start working with them right away. Git Pull Vs Fetch | Git Tutorial For Beginners. In this Git tutorial for beginners, we profile those five basic Git commands. 6 (20 ratings) Course Ratings are calculated from individual students' ratings and a variety of other signals, like age of rating and reliability, to ensure that they reflect course quality fairly and accurately. Git & GitHub Crash Course For Beginners. I'm trying to teach developers that are very visual learners how to use git and its frustrating that it's assumed that absolute beginners just know command line by nature. To do so I walk. And GitHub is the social code-hosting platform used more than any other. It will all be explained in this Git tutorial. In this post, we are going to talk about few Git commands tutorials. I've recommended it to several newbies, but the problem I keep running into is that Git newbies need to walk through a Git tutorial, and all Git tutorials I can find are written for the command line. An introducton to Microsoft's latest Windows scripting language. Essentially a single ledger or manifest that acts like a set of instructions for all proposed changes to the repository. com / SouthGreenPlatform / TOGGLE-DEV. Beginner's Setup Guide for Git & Github on Mac OS X. They are two completely separate things. Learning Git? Check out these best online Git courses and tutorials recommended by the programming community. [Hindi] Ignoring Files In Git By Adding. Critical Beginner Git Usage Tips Below are a few critical git usage guidelines/tips for beginning git users. Hello, World! Variables and Types. Let's get started. Git is a free distributed version control system. This is the best GIT guide for beginners that I’ve seen! I did the tutorial, really impressive!!. Note that this is an article explicitly for beginners new to Vim. As she began taking on increasingly more projects with larger teams, she realized the importance of version control systems like Git and since has developed a strong interest for the field. Contribute to in28minutes/SpringBootForBeginners development by creating an account on GitHub. This document is also a work in progress, just as TortoiseGit and Git are. Rank: 27 out of 63 tutorials/courses. In this blog, we tried to cover all Git tutorials for beginners. In this Git tutorial for beginners, we profile those five basic Git commands. This is the most important part of Git, and it is what is copied when you clone a repository from another computer. Learn the technical skills you need for the job you want. Git tutorials for Beginners - Complete Course 4. org and cheatsheets are a much easier read. You need to create this database (only 5 minutes) as the instructions below:. The following are guides to basic GitLab functionality: Create and add your SSH public key, for enabling Git over SSH. Git is a version control tool that will allow you to perform all kinds of operations to fetch data from the central server or push data to it whereas GitHub is a core hosting platform for version control collaboration. Learn Git branching. Git is not the same as GitHub. Git - Self-paced Learning. git status shows the status of changes as untracked, modified, or staged. It is a command-line application with a set of commands to manipulate commits and branches (explained below). Tutorial on Git Distributed Version Control and Development Workflow Jed Brown [email protected] Git is the most popular distributed version control and source code management system. Git Cheat Sheet Create From existing repo From existing data cd ~/projects/myproject git init git add. jboss-tutorial-for-beginners. The working directory is a single checkout of one version of the project. Create a New Repository (of your current coding project) 4. This tutorial explains how to use Git for project version control in a distributed environment while working on web-based and non-web-based applications development. I'm trying to teach developers that are very visual learners how to use git and its frustrating that it's assumed that absolute beginners just know command line by nature. When you're ready to check in your changes, run svn commit on the files or directories you've changed: % svn commit guestbook. The surest path to mastering Git is to immerse oneself in its utilities and operations, to experience it first-hand. In this webcast, we will discuss the basics of using Git and GitHub and answer the question "What is GitHub?". Quick Github Tutorial Or How To use Git in Linux 1. Git is a version control tool that will allow you to perform all kinds of operations to fetch data from the central server or push data to it whereas GitHub is a core hosting platform for version control collaboration. You might have heard the terms 'GitHub' or 'git' used before, but perhaps you don't know what they mean. The goal of this tutorial is to quickly familiarize you with the IronPython console, and to show you how to make use of the extensive. This course simply teaches how to use Git, the popular open-source version control software, to manage changes. Git 101: 2. json file allows you to specify the root level files and the. There are several. If you are new to programming and joined a company, you might have heard of Github. R Tutorial Obtaining R. Welcome to the LearnJavaOnline. All right, back to the tutorial. lauren orsini / 02 Oct 2013 / Code. Git helps both programmers and non-programmers keeping track the history of their project files by storing different versions of their project files. Net for Beginners/01 A Tour of the Visual Studio Integrated Development Environment IDE/009 1. To complete this tutorial, you need a GitHub. In this Git tutorial we will talk about what exactly Git is and we will look at and work with all of the basic and most. Git Tutorials Playlist. com - Download video Git Tutorial for Beginners 3gp mp4 avi mkv 320p 480p 1080p gratis - 1. In this article we will focus on one area of Git version control software that is usually overlooked and not covered in most basic tutorials out there - how to use it for your own private and local files version tracking. I had previously delved into the Pro Git book, freely available through GitHub. by Shahzan Git for Absolute Beginners If you’re new to the programming world, then learning Git should be something on top of your priority list. So development teams rely on version control tools to help with the software collaboration process. In this Git tutorial for beginners, we profile those five basic Git commands. Bash Guide for Beginners Machtelt Garrels Garrels BVBA Version 1. Before beginning this tutorial, it is highly recommended that you have a solid understanding of the Terminal (for Mac) or Command Line (for Windows and Linux). Learn Free easy JMeter Tutorial in Java for the Beginners. Watch the whole video, it's really important if you want to be a pro coder. GIT, an awesome tool which made the life of programmer a heaven. Beginner's Setup Guide for Git & Github on Mac OS X. git merge [branch] merge the specified branch’s history into the current one git log show all commits in the current branch’s history Git is the free and open source distributed version control system that's responsible for everything GitHub related that happens locally on your computer. Staging Area Also called the index. After completing this tutorial, you will find yourself at a moderate level. Learning Tips. Windows SharePoint Services is an integral part of Team Foundation Server. What is git? 3. Note: This tutorial uses version 18. "Beginner" being defined as someone who knows how to handle their compiler, understands to some level what a Makefile is, and has touched source control without understanding it very well. Welcome to the LearnJavaOnline. Git status command. This is a very short guide to using Travis CI with your GitHub hosted code repository. This tutorial will improve your foundational knowledge of Git. These terms might sound familiar if you've used a version control system like Team Foundation Version Control or Subversion, but they behave differently in Git. Git is a version control tool that will allow you to perform all kinds of operations to fetch data from the central server or push data to it whereas GitHub is a core hosting platform for version control collaboration. Mission Brief. Git Fetch: When you are using the git fetch command, All of the changes or updates in your remote will be downloaded to your local working areas but it will not affect your current code base. First: Creating a git repository. Branching, pull requests, merging and more are covered in the Atlassian Git tutorial. The reason is that many beginners confuse git with Github. Pick the tutorial as per your learning style: video tutorials or a book. your local repository consists of three "trees" maintained by git. What is Git - A Complete Git Tutorial For Beginners This DevOps Tutorial on what is Git & what is GitHub will let you know all about Version Control System & Version Control Tools like Git. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. GIT, an awesome tool which made the life of programmer a heaven. Notice that you have two commits now, and the second one has your name on it. In this step, all you need is your laptop. Git for complete beginners. Your mission is to learn the ropes of Git by completing the tutorial and tracking down all your team's space stations. Learn Git from Github Tutorial For Beginners. Git was originally developed by Linus Torvalds, the smart guy who brought us Linux. How To Use Git For WordPress Development Version Control. # Git vs Github. Troubleshooting and fixing code is perhaps the best booster for you to enhance your understanding of bash scripting and to improve your ability to script beyond what has been discussed in this tutorial. Give your resume wings to fly with Git – Git Tutorial. Once you are on the correct place,You are ready to clone the repository. This tutorial is short and sweet, but it was a little too fast for me as a beginner. React Redux tutorial: a minimal React development environment. Software can be downloaded from The Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN). More Jenkins tutorials for beginners. Welcome to our most popular videos playlist for learning Git. You have no items in your shopping cart. For many years, Tobias is a regular speaker on conferences large and small for topics related to Git and version control. Make an Account. Git for Windows focuses on offering a lightweight, native set of tools that bring the full feature set of the Git SCM to Windows while providing appropriate user interfaces for experienced Git users and novices alike. Mission Brief. Gaining an understanding of its features opens to developers a new and liberating approach to source code management. GIT is a great tool for any developer, but if you’re new to it, there are quite a few concepts to cover, and I’ve found most tutorials only cover a small part. After this course you would be able to use git and github for your personal and professional projects. But don’t feel you have to. But for beginners, Git is very strange and confusing to operate. Notice that you have two commits now, and the second one has your name on it. It was darn difficult to understand Git and its benefits. your local repository consists of three "trees" maintained by git. This post is the first in a series of articles covering GIT for Unity Developers. Here we are not going to cover python for application development but for. In this post, I will record how I start my first project with Git. Windows tutorial for beginners pdf. Learn Git Branching is divided into five parts that increase in difficulty, and each part has two to five modules in it. of Biostatistics & Medical Informatics. This course will teach you a basic workflow and Git's core features, different ways to undo changes or save multiple versions of a project, and how to collaborate with other developers. Git tutorials for Beginners - Complete Course 4. There are five basic Git commands that a developer must become comfortable with if they want to become proficient with the source code versioning tool. Learn Git branching. This course simply teaches how to use Git, the popular open-source version control software, to manage changes. So, what is Git in a nutshell? This is an important section to absorb, because if you understand what Git is and the fundamentals of how it works, then using Git effectively will probably be much easier for you. Branching, pull requests, merging and more are covered in the Atlassian Git tutorial. This post is the first in a series of articles covering GIT for Unity Developers. 9! There are already plenty of guides that explain the particular steps of getting Git and Github going on your mac in detail. It will provide simple step-by-step tutorials on how to do a number common tasks. Install git • Linux (Debian) - Command: sudo apt-get install git!. In this tutorial, we will be doing exactly that. [[email protected] git-project]$ git status # On branch master nothing to commit, working directory clean. This is a collection of tutorials for learning how to use Docker with various tools. Search: Search. Good luck! Learn the Basics. In this course we sill see how to use Eclipse IDE, how java works, Variable, Data type in java, operators in java, arithmetic operator, conditional statement, if else in java, Switch in java, loop in java, for loop, while loop, do while loop, nested loop, break and continue in java,. Gaining an understanding of its features opens to developers a new and liberating approach to source code management. In this tutorial, we will be doing exactly that. Github Tutorial for Beginners step by step Posted on July 13, 2019 by Chandan. See also: GitHub For Beginners: Commit, Push And Go. You'll also learn how to apply these concepts using the GitKraken Git Client: a cross-platform GUI that makes working with Git a much more visual and intuitive experience. This tutorial teaches you GitHub essentials like repositories, branches, commits, and Pull Requests. This—where we do some heavy command line typing—is the part of every Git tutorial that really trips me up, so I’m going to go. Even if it is not needed now for the job post you are searching, there is no hiding from the fact that you will need to learn Git once in your life to climb the ladder of success. A complete practical course on Git and Github. An in-depth look at Git. Entering Commands. Spring Boot Tutorial For Beginners. This tutorial will help to understand Git basics for beginners, and in no time you will be a Git Ninja! In simple words, Git is a version control system that allows multiple developers to contribute to a project simultaneously. Open-source Git is the most used version control system in the world. Let's get started. Hadoop Python MapReduce Tutorial for Beginners. In this tutorial, we are going to get setup with Git on Windows. Install git and create a Github account 2. git status This is the most important Git command for beginners (arguably for all Git users). Basic introduction to Git. And so concludes this install Jenkins tutorial. Git Fetch: When you are using the git fetch command, All of the changes or updates in your remote will be downloaded to your local working areas but it will not affect your current code base. Git is a version control system which you can download to your computer, GitHub is a hosting & collaboration provider which hosts your Git projects. Tutorial on Git Distributed Version Control and Development Workflow Jed Brown [email protected] This article aims at understanding the various concepts and classes available for data access in ADO. GItlab Tutorial pdf, GItlab Online free Tutorial with reference manuals and examples. This will familiarize you with Git commands with giving you the good Visual guide. Here you will find the most instructional (and the most entertaining) ways to get the most out of Git and GitKraken. Contribute to in28minutes/SpringBootForBeginners development by creating an account on GitHub. You don’t even need an internet connection. Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency. Git Tutorial for beginners, Git bash commands, svn, GitHub, Atlassian, TFS, Team Foundation Server, Team Foundation Services, TFS Online, Git server, Install Git on Windows, What is Git, Git commands for linux bash, Git cheatsheet. In this video, we'll go over the basics of what git is and how to use it within the command-line. Git became initially designed and advanced through Linus Torvalds for Linux kernel development. [Hindi] Scanning Changes To Files Using git diff command - Git and GitHub Tutorials for beginners #6; 7. It's a great tool for Git beginners and advanced users to increase efficiency through the intuitive interface, seamless integrations and a faster, more fluid workflow. Bash Guide for Beginners Machtelt Garrels Garrels BVBA Version 1. In this resource, you will learn how to use the Git version control software to help you to work on your own projects and contribute to open-source projects. R is available for Linux, MacOS, and Windows. It offers free accounts with an unlimited number of private repositories. Featured pages. Git 101: 2. name as Key and your name as Value and confirm. I have shared 500+ tutorials on various topics of Java including tutorials on core java and advanced Java concepts and Java programming examples. This article is meant for absolute beginners and discusses various techniques of data access using ADO. This post is the first in a series of articles covering GIT for Unity Developers. This course is for developers and system administrators who want to really understand Git. A tutorial for learning how to use git and GitLab. In this resource you will learn: How to manage your projects using Git; How to use GitHub to store remote versions of your projects. Basic introduction to Git. NET Core project in this tutorial. GIT Tutorial for Beginners GIT Version Control A version control system allows you to track the history of a collection of files and includes the functionality to revert the collection of files to another version. Greedmusical. The username and email should be the same you use for your Git account, ie. Feel free to contact us for any question, remark, bug report, or other : [email protected] If you are new to programming and joined a company, you might have heard of Github. Git was originally developed by Linus Torvalds, the smart guy who brought us Linux. Good luck! Learn the Basics. [[email protected] git-project]$ git status # On branch master nothing to commit, working directory clean. com - Download video Git Tutorial for Beginners 3gp mp4 avi mkv 320p 480p 1080p gratis - 1. First: Creating a git repository. Git was initially designed and developed by Linus Torvalds for Linux kernel development. txt README run. Yet, I beg to differ! In this tutorial, I will explain how to use Git for your personal projects. The course includes full online access to the book content, streaming videos, progress tracking, exercises, and community exercise answers. # Git vs Github. Spring Boot Tutorial For Beginners. Git provides support for non-linear, distributed development, allowing multiple contributors to work on a project simultaneously. your GitHub account. Hello, World! Variables and Types. Git is pretty old actually which is why its main use is in the terminal. How to set up and use git. An easy to follow tutorial guide for using git with visual studio developers with use of the integrated support instead of widows command line tool/git bash. Setting Up a Github Account and Installing Git. As mentioned earlier, Git is often used for local development which you probably should be doing as well. GitHub for Beginners. GIT, an awesome tool which made the life of programmer a heaven. R is available for Linux, MacOS, and Windows. You can easily follow our tutorials and become expert on git even if you have never worked on it. Audience This tutorial will help beginners learn the basic functionality of Git version control system. Initial Git Setup (in your Terminal): #git config --global user. Git is a powerful, sophisticated system for distributed version control. the first one is your Working Directory which holds the actual files. 😉 Git eBooks. Commands covered in this tutorial: git clone, git config, git add, git status, git commit, git push, git pull, git branch, git checkout, and git merge. Overview 1. Try Git commands right from your web browser. Version Control GIT Intro Local GIT Branches Remote GIT Server Bazar Extras GIT for Beginners Anthony Baire Universit´e de Rennes 1 / UMR IRISA May 15, 2019 This tutorial is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3. Open-source Git is the most used version control system in the world. Git & GitHub Tutorial for Beginners 11 - Collaborating on GitHub смотреть онлайн бесплатно видео в хорошем качестве. Git Fetch: When you are using the git fetch command, All of the changes or updates in your remote will be downloaded to your local working areas but it will not affect your current code base. Windows SharePoint Services is an integral part of Team Foundation Server. Don't worry if you are a beginner and have no idea about how GIT works, this GIT cheat sheet will give you a quick Read More. Staging Area Also called the index. Now, all Lynda. NOTE: This software is Closed Source. Git Tutorial Jae Woo Lee and Stephen A. Login Sign Up Logout Windows tutorial for beginners pdf. In this step, all you need is your laptop. txt README run. I have shared 500+ tutorials on various topics of Java including tutorials on core java and advanced Java concepts and Java programming examples. Whether you are an experienced programmer or not, this website is intended for everyone who wishes to learn the Java programming language. Ok, after seeing this post by PJ Hyett, I have decided to skip to the end and go with Git. Tutorials for beginners or advanced learners. a complete practical course on git and github Enrol This Course "Git tutorials for Beginners - Complete Course" Totally Free For Limited Time. This is a great tutorial to go through if you just want to get a quick overview of how Git works functionally. Introduction of Oracle database & Specific Definition (What is Oracle Database?). All the commands should be entered into the terminal on your computer. com account and Internet access. the first one is your Working Directory which holds the actual files. Mission Brief. This is a collection of tutorials for learning how to use Docker with various tools. Git & GitHub Tutorial for Beginners 11 - Collaborating on GitHub смотреть онлайн бесплатно видео в хорошем качестве. In this tutorial, we're using OSX 10. The Internet is full of Git tutorials and a simple Google search will bring you thousands of tutorials, but the big question is where do you start? Key Concepts for Beginners. NET as a Microsoft MVP. Like the HTML Beginner Tutorial, the CSS Beginner Tutorial assumes that you know as much about CSS as you do about the cumulative effects of sea squirt discharge on the brain chemistry of Germanic ammonites. 3 and later !. This Git tutorial for beginners assumes you already have Git installed and are ready to go. This lecture will teach you how to create a new branch, and how to merge branch. GitHub For Beginners: Commit, Push And Go. Beginners Tutorials Why we require repo on top of git in development project. Learn about Git commands, tips and tricks, walkthroughs, and best practices. Once you have a repository ready, let's push our local project to GitHub. You’ll create your own Hello World repository and learn GitHub’s Pull Request workflow, a popular way to create and review code. This three-part series will cover a basic introduction in the first part, branch management in the second and the Git client in the third and the final part. You don't. Your default editor (see above) will be invoked on a temporary file; into this file you should type a short message explaining the purpose of your change. For a detailed description of all the GIT commands please check this page. Beginners are often terrified by all the cryptic commands and arguments that git. Git 101: 2. But you need to know the basic command previously, you could learn from lecture 1: Git and GitHub for Beginners…. This tutorial describes the usage of the Eclipse IDE to perform Git operations. Do not be afraid to break things as that is perfectly normal. In this Git tutorial we will talk about what exactly Git is and we will look at and work with all of the basic and most. Now that I shared a few of the pros and cons of the Cricut Explore Air, I thought I might as well share some Cricut Tips for Beginners getting started with Cricut!. GIT is a great tool for any developer, but if you’re new to it, there are quite a few concepts to cover, and I’ve found most tutorials only cover a small part. Let’s get started. In Part 1 of this two-part GitHub tutorial, we examined the main uses for GitHub and began the process of signing up. - [Voiceover] Welcome to Git Essential Training. Greedmusical. In this course we sill see how to use Eclipse IDE, how java works, Variable, Data type in java, operators in java, arithmetic operator, conditional statement, if else in java, Switch in java, loop in java, for loop, while loop, do while loop, nested loop, break and continue in java,. Learn Git from Git and GitHub Tutorial for Beginners. So what I need is a beginner's practical guide to Git. To complete this tutorial, you need a GitHub. Whether you just started using Git, or you've been using it every day for months - this course will give you the knowledge you need to become a Git master. So that later in future, if we need to identified what was changed in that commit by just seeing the commit message if the commit message is human readable format. What is Git? | Github - 00:05 2. In this resource, you will learn how to use the Git version control software to help you to work on your own projects and contribute to open-source projects. Java tutorial for beginners and absolute beginners. Team foundation server tutorial for beginners ppt. However, it’s not so easy for beginners to get a clear picture of how to use it in the project. If you want to refresh on the basics of Git, this should be all you need. It was darn difficult to understand Git and its benefits. The surest path to mastering Git is to immerse oneself in its utilities and operations, to experience it first-hand. It will provide simple step-by-step tutorials on how to do a number common tasks. This course simply teaches how to use Git, the popular open-source version control software, to manage changes. Total upvotes - 1. Insight: Git Commands Tutorials For Beginners We hope that at this point of reading this article you are aware of what actually Git is. I hope you understand the concepts well and now this is the time to move ahead with Git tutorials for beginners. Search: Search. Git is a small, yet very efficient version control tool. And once you've created Jenkins jobs and run builds, you're well on your way to Jenkins expert. In this step, all you need is your laptop. All you need to know to start working with it. Once you understand git, the man pages, docs at kernel. When you're learning, small examples can be very helpful. For GitHub-specific posts, please see /r/github. It’s possible to use the online software Github without using Git or the commend lines in terminal, but it doesn’t have the same flexibility as using both in the terminal. It is primarily used for source code management in software development, but it can be used to keep track of changes. To complete this tutorial, you need a GitHub. Don't worry if you are a beginner and have no idea about how GIT works, this GIT cheat sheet will give you a quick Read More. Additionally, he has written numerous articles and tutorials for blogs & magazines (for example for the "Tower Blog", Smashing Magazine, or SixRevisions). Navigate to the line starting with "dotspacemacs-configuration-layers". This tutorial can be found on youtu. All the files that have been stashed can then be retrieved once we have time to work on them. What are Git and GitHub Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency GitHub is a web-based Git repository hosting service, which offers all of the distributed revision control and source code management (SCM) functionality of Git as. [Hindi] Scanning Changes To Files Using git diff command - Git and GitHub Tutorials for beginners #6; 7. The NetBeans IDE provides support for the Git version control client. This site is dedicated to tutorials for OpenGL 3. # create one branch git branch readDir # move on this branch git checkout readDir # push git push https: // github. Essentially a single ledger or manifest that acts like a set of instructions for all proposed changes to the repository. For me, the toughest Git concepts to understand are the source tree, source-tree traversal and branching. Once you understand git, the man pages, docs at kernel. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: